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托福综合考试高分写作秘籍

作者: NYTALK管理者 点击:406 难度:介绍
首先,summarize,也就是概括阅读和听力文章的主要内容和各三个分论点。这其实就是Introduction要写的内容,掌握了概括,第一段就不成问题咯!

其次,Paraphrase,也就是改写。掌握好了改写句子,你写起文章来将会感觉到如鱼得水,游刃有余。 改写其实主要有下面的两种方法:

第一,使用不同的词汇
a.使用同义词,比如以下的一些写作高频词汇的同义词,你一定要掌握,出现的尤为频繁。
  
important
essential, crucial, vital, significant,
  
think
claim, believe, consider, deem, figure out
  
nowadays
currently, at present, now, recently, in recent years,these days
b.改变词性,这是一种稍微难一些的方法,要求你的语法基础非常好,你才能灵活自如的运用。
  
n.
v.
  
Eg
When we look at a comparison between Aand B
  
When we compare A and B

  
Adj.
n.
  
There are a variety of solutions to the problem.
  
There are various solutions to the problem.
c.使用不同的承接词。承接词在文章当中的使用相当频繁,不仅是段落和段落的连接,还包括句子和句子的连接。背住一些常用的承接词比你的改写将会有极大的作用。
  
because of
due to, owing to, because, as, since, for
  
but
however, nevertheless, nonetheless, whereas
  
so
therefore, hence, thus, consequently
d.形容词的逆向表达。在某些形容词上进行修改,会达到非比寻常的效果。
  
Eg: not as easyas
…→more difficult than
  
Not uncommon
common
  
Thecheapest
the least expensive
第二,使用不同的句型
a. 改变词序。这是非常简单的一种方法,完全不用动脑筋就可以进行改写。常常将句子中的状语(包括状语从句)换位置。
  
Eg: For manyyears, people have believed
.
  
People believed for many years.
  
After this programs has been solved, work on
can continue.
b. 主动语态和被动语态的互相替换Eg: Trained scientists performed this research.
  
This research was performed by trained scientists.
c. 使用“there be” 句型,可以将一个简单句,马上变成一个加入定语从句或者分词的复杂句。Eg: Severalcomputer programs can be used to solve this problem.
  
There areseveral computer programs that can be used to solve this problem.There areseveral computer programs used to solve this problem.
d.定语从句,分词和插入语的互相替换
  
Eg: Study
, conducted by sociologists in 2004,shows that
  
Study, which was conducted by sociologists in 2004,shows that
  
Eg: This
, which is one of the most powerful in theworld, has
  
This, one of the most powerful in the world, has
Cite即引用。综合写作乃客观写作,只是一个旁观者的角度对这两篇文章的内容进行描述,因此,某观点是出自哪篇文章一定要说清楚。所以,下面的这些句型在综合写作中必不可缺。
a.According to+noun.
  
Eg: According to thepassage/lecture/author/professor,
b.Subject+verbs of reporting+that clause
  
Eg: The authortells/reports/suggests/explains/says/argues/states/indicates/claims/pointsout/thinks/believes that

  
The speakeragrees/disagrees/rejects/disputes/challenges/takes a different view.
c.As is indicated/displayed/illustrated in thepassage/lecture,...
Synthesize即连接。具体来讲,就是承接词的使用是相当重要的,将文章当中的重要信息连接起来,体现作者对于两篇文章的理解正确,说明作者的思路清楚。由于综合写作是对两篇文章的比较,所以下面表对比和递进的承接词使用的最频繁。
a.Transitional words showing contrast: however, on the other hand,in contrast, on the contrary
b.Transitional words showingaddition: moreover, furthermore, in addition, besides, as well
现在,是不是感觉清晰很多了呢?也没有那么惧怕综合写作了呢?相信只要你掌握了上述四大技巧,综合写作对你来说将不再是个难以跨越的关口。